During the past decade there have been many changes in the perfumery industry which are not so much due to the discovery and application of new raw materials, but rather to the astronomic increase in the cost of labour required to produce them. This is reflected more particularly in the flower industry, where the cost of collecting the blossoms delivered to the factories has gone up year after year, so much so that most flowers with the possible exception of Mimosa, have reached a cost price which has compelled the perfumer to either reduce his purchases of absolutes and concretes, or alternatively to substitute them from a cheaper source, or even to discontinue their use. This development raises an important and almost insoluble problem for the perfumer, who is faced with the necessity of trying to keep unchanged the bouquet of his fragrances, and moreover, to ensure no loss of strength and diffusiveness. Of course, this problem applies more especially to the adjustment of formulae for established perfumes, because in every new creation the present high cost of raw materials receives imperative con- sideration before the formula is approved.
Black Women in Reality Television Docusoaps explores representations of Black women in one of the most powerful, popular forms of reality television - the docusoap. Viewers, critics, and researchers have taken issue with what they consider to be unflattering, one-dimensional representations. This book discusses images of Black women in reality television during the 2011 viewing year, when much criticism arose. These findings provide a context for a more recent examination of reality television portrayals during 2014, following many reality stars' promises to offer new representations. The authors discuss the types of images shown, potential readings of such portrayals, and the implication of these reality television docusoap presentations. The book will be useful for courses examining topics such as popular culture; mass media and society; women's studies; race and media; sex and gender; media studies; African American issues in mass communication; and gender, race and representation, as well as other graduate-level classes.
Have you ever wondered what is so special about homemade soaps? Well, the best thing is that they are not made in bulk, and could be customized as per your choice and preferences. The usual soaps that we buy from markets are packed with chemicals and synthetic substances. They may harm our skin and even cause allergies. Every ingredient might not suit your skin. Some may cause reactions. Everybody has different skin types. So what suits one person may not go well with others. It is only when you try and test that you will come to know the results. Another aspect is the fragrance. Everyone has personal choices for the smell of the soap too. And the market bought soaps often come with high price tags. All these might make you rethink the next time you go to the store to purchase your soaps. And what probably do you think is the most effective and easy solution for these problems? Yes, it is to make your own soaps at the comfort of your home.